nvl, coalesce и concatenation


Простой пример того, что oracle не умеет разворачивать coalesce в конкатенацию в отличие от nvl,
о чем я говорил тут:

drop table tt purge;
create table tt(a, b) as 
select level, mod(level,10)
from dual
connect by level<=1e4;

alter table tt add constraint ix_tt_a primary key(a);
create index ix_tt_b on tt(b);

explain plan for 
select * from tt
where a=nvl(:1,a)
  and b=:2;

explain plan for 
select * from tt
where a=coalesce(:1,a)
  and b=:2;
Результат NVL:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                     | Name    | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT              |         |     2 |    52 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  CONCATENATION                |         |       |       |            |          |
|*  2 |   FILTER                      |         |       |       |            |          |
|*  3 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TT      |     1 |    26 |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  4 |     INDEX RANGE SCAN          | IX_TT_B |     7 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  5 |   FILTER                      |         |       |       |            |          |
|*  6 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TT      |     1 |    26 |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  7 |     INDEX UNIQUE SCAN         | IX_TT_A |     1 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
   2 - filter(:1 IS NULL)
   3 - filter("A" IS NOT NULL)
   4 - access("B"=TO_NUMBER(:2))
   5 - filter(:1 IS NOT NULL)
   6 - filter("B"=TO_NUMBER(:2))
   7 - access("A"=:1)
Coalesce:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name    | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |         |     1 |    26 |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TT      |     1 |    26 |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  2 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN          | IX_TT_B |    40 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   1 - filter("A"=COALESCE(:1,"A"))
   2 - access("B"=TO_NUMBER(:2))

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